Table 2

Baseline characteristics of study population (born 1973–1976), stratified by labour market position 3 years after graduation

SER n (%)PER n (%)Long-term unemployed n (%)SSER n (%)Other n (%)P value
Total133 141 (39.2)42 232 (12.4)26 476 (7.8)107 395 (31.6)30 159 (8.9)
Sex<0.001
 Male71 079 (53.4)21 761 (51.5)15 571 (58.8)56 132 (52.3)15 266 (50.6)
 Female62 062 (46.6)20 471 (48.5)10 905 (41.2)51 263 (47.7)14 893 (49.4)
Country of birth<0.001
 Sweden129 362 (97.2)39 889 (94.5)24 420 (92.2)103 504 (96.4)26 645 (88.4)
 Outside of Sweden3779 (2.8)2343 (5.6)2056 (7.8)3891 (3.6)3514 (11.7)
Birth year<0.001
 197338 884 (29.2)7762 (18.4)8762 (33.1)26 310 (24.5)7648 (25.4)
 197435 272 (26.5)10 081 (23.9)8074 (30.5)27 531 (26.5)8429 (28.0)
 197531 047 (23.3)11 518 (27.3)5986 (22.6)26 726 (24.9)7373 (24.5)
 197627 938 (21.0)12 871 (30.5)3654 (25.0)26 828 (25.0)6709 (22.3)
Age at baseline (mean±SD)24.8±3.523.6±3.222.7±3.124.3±3.522.8±3.4
Education<0.001
 Primary6772 (5.1)3285 (7.8)3718 (14.0)5031 (4.7)7546 (25.0)
 Secondary60 248 (45.3)27 761 (65.7)18 261 (69.0)60 479 (56.3)15 919 (52.8)
 University66 121 (50.0)11 186 (26.5)4497 (17.0)41 885 (39.0)6694 (22.2)
Prior mental health problems<0.001
 Yes2397 (1.8)1397 (3.3)1095 (4.1)2408 (2.2)2511 (8.3)
 No130 744 (98.2)40 835 (96.7)25 381 (95.9)104 987 (97.8)27 648 (91.7)
Parental education<0.001
 Primary18 909 (14.2)6346 (15.0)5497 (20.8)15 700 (14.6)6431 (21.3)
 Secondary65 179 (49.0)21 225 (50.3)14 544 (54.9)54 325 (50.6)14 636 (48.5)
 University49 053 (36.8)14 661 (34.7)6435 (24.3)37 370 (34.8)9092 (30.2)
Parental SES<0.001
 Non-manual77 301 (58.1)22 176 (52.5)10 750 (40.6)59 374 (55.3)12 873 (42.7)
 Manual44 854 (33.7)14 694 (34.8)11 828 (44.7)37 109 (34.6)11 129 (36.9)
 Self-employed/farmer5009 (3.8)1924 (4.6)952 (3.6)4838 (4.5)1468 (4.9)
 Not classified5978 (4.5)3438 (8.1)2946 (11.1)6074 (5.7)4689 (15.6
Outcome
 Mental health problems3127 (2.4)1817 (4.3)1607 (6.1)3051 (2.8)2118 (7.0)<0.001
  • PER, precarious employment relation; SER, standard employment relation; SES, socioeconomic status; SSER, substandard employment relation.