Table 1

Demographic table of participants with usable data, listing age at recruitment, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic status (Townsend Deprivation Index), body mass index (BMI), education and time between recruitment and the start of the COVID-19 pandemic

VariableN=151 200*
Age at recruitment (years)55.85 (7.73)
 Female85 469 (57%)
 Male65 731 (43%)
 White146 443 (97%)
 Other2109 (1.4%)
 Black or Black British1059 (0.7%)
 Asian1589 (1.1%)
Townsend deprivation at recruitment1.72 (2.83)
BMI at recruitment26.8 (4.5)
 A levels/AS levels or equivalent20 369 (15%)
 College or university degree68 705 (49%)
CSEs or equivalent5587 (4.0%)
 NVQ or HND or HNC or equivalent7558 (5.4%)
 O levels/GCSEs or equivalent29 809 (21%)
 Other professional qualifications for example, nursing, teaching7587 (5.4%)
Time between recruitment and start of pandemic (years)10.91 (0.86)
  • Of note, all covariates (ie, age, BMI) were measured at baseline when individuals began participation in the UKBB.

  • *Mean (SD); n (%).

  • CSE, Certificate of Secondary Education; GCSE, General Certificate of Secondary Education; HNC, Higher National Certificate; HND, Higher National Diploma; NVQ, National Vocational Qualification; UKBB, UK Biobank.