Table 5

Difference in the average marginal effect (AME with SE) of economic activity in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2020 vs 2018, men

Compared yearsNo hardshipHardship including medicationsHardship Excluding medications
AME differenceSEP valueAME differenceSEP valueAME differenceSEP value
Economic activity (ref: full-time work)
 Part-time work/retirement2018 vs 20130.152 0.065 0.020 0.154 0.064 0.017 −0.0020.0300.952
2018 vs 20140.165 0.070 0.019 0.181 0.066 0.006 −0.0160.0370.661
2018 vs 2015−0.1360.0720.058 0.154 0.068 0.024 −0.0180.0370.624
2018 vs 2020−0.0600.0740.4180.0780.0710.270−0.0180.0410.662
 Old age retirement2018 vs 2013−0.0190.0120.129 0.018 0.009 0.044 0.0010.0090.939
2018 vs 20140.038 0.014 0.008 0.023 0.010 0.026 0.0150.0110.155
2018 vs 2015−0.0140.0140.3200.0100.0100.3360.0040.0100.685
2018 vs 2020−0.0070.0140.6170.0110.0100.281−0.0040.0110.724
 Disability/Illness2018 vs 20130.119 0.047 0.011 0.149 0.046 0.001 −0.0300.0180.099
2018 vs 20140.112 0.053 0.034 0.190 0.050 <0.001 0.078 0.027 0.005
2018 vs 2015−0.1020.0520.050 0.137 0.050 0.007 −0.0350.0240.145
2018 vs 2020−0.0230.0560.6810.0450.0560.418−0.0220.0230.336
 Unemployment2018 vs 2013−0.0040.0420.9330.0050.0330.879−0.0010.0380.971
2018 vs 2014−0.0040.0480.9350.0150.0380.682−0.0120.0430.787
2018 vs 2015−0.0340.0460.4700.0350.0360.330−0.0010.0420.974
2018 vs 2020−0.0430.0490.3760.0400.0380.2920.0030.0430.937
 Student2018 vs 2013<0.0010.0500.9980.0290.0440.511−0.0290.0330.389
2018 vs 20140.0060.0560.9070.0290.0470.542−0.0350.0390.369
2018 vs 2015−0.0310.0530.5550.0530.0450.241−0.0220.0370.554
2018 vs 20200.0170.0570.7710.0400.0480.409−0.0560.0400.164
  • Results are based on multinomial logistic regression, with interaction (year×economic activity).

  • Bold values denote statistical significance at the p < 0.05 level.