Table 2

Adjusted prevalence and prevalence ratio of poor mental health (MHI ≤52) by year, gender, age, occupational class and type of contract. Spain, 2005–2021

2005201020162021
% (95% CI)PR (95% CI)% (95% CI)PR (95% CI)% (95% CI)PR (95% CI)% (95% CI)PR (95% CI)
Total14.88 (14.06 to 15.69)14.54 (14.16 to 14.93)17.72 (17.44 to 17.99)55.92 (55.34 to 56.50)
Gender
 Men13.01 (12.29 to 13.73)111.46 (11.03 to 11.88)114.84 (14.77 to 14.91)150.34 (49.87 to 50.80)1
 Women17.68 (17 to 18.36)1.37 (1.22 to 1.54)18.47 (18.22 to 18.72)1.61 (1.39 to 1.85)21.29 (20.76 to 21.82)1.49 (1.22 to 1.85)61.97 (61.42 to 62.53)1.25 (1.20 to 1.30)
Age
 <3514.03 (13.61 to 14.44)113.09 (13.02 to 13.15)114.47 (14.09 to 14.86)162.18 (61.60 to 62.75)1
 35–4915.77 (15.68 to 15.85)1.21 (1.06 to 1.37)15.35 (15.25 to 15.45)1.21 (1.02 to 1.43)16.5 (16.33 to 16.66)1.19 (0.91 to 1.56)56.96 (56.83 to 57.09)0.9 (0.86 to 0.96)
 ≥5019.27 (19.13 to 19.42)1.48 (1.25 to 1.74)15.88 (15.84 to 15.92)1.27 (1.04 to 1.55)22.41 (22.28 to 22.54)1.62 (1.23 to 2.15)47.81 (47.72 to 47.9)0.76 (0.71 to 0.8)
Occupational class
 Non-manual12.99 (12.04 to 13.95)113.87 (13.34 to 14.39)114.33 (14.23 to 14.44)156.37 (55.60 to 57.15)1
 Manual16.17 (15.30 to 17.04)1.23 (1.10 to 1.41)15.01 (14.65 to 15.38)1.14 (0.97 to 1.32)20.25 (19.79 to 20.71)1.49 (1.18 to 1.85)55.46 (54.88 to 56.04)1.02 (0.98 to 1.05)
Contract
 Permanent13.79 (12.81 to 14.76)113.81 (13.29 to 14.32)117.14 (17.05 to 17.22)156.36 (55.64 to 57.07)1
 Temporary17.69 (16.72 to 18.66)1.26 (1.11 to 1.43)16.83 (16.64 to 17.02)1.17 (0.99 to 1.38)19.18 (18.56 to 19.80)1.08 (0.87 to 1.34)54.01 (53.22 to 54.81)0.9 (0.85 to 0.94)
  • Weighted data; total and stratified prevalence (%) and prevalence ratio (PR) adjusted in every case by the rest of the explanatory variables (gender, age, occupational class, type of contract).

  • MHI, Mental Health Inventory.