Table 1

Sample characteristics in the pre-pandemic and pandemic Usoc waves* (unweighted sample)

Full sample (unweighted)
Pre-pandemicPandemicTotal
Outcome
GHQ case
 No10 08822 07032 171
 %82.776.178.0
 Yes210469459055
 %17.323.922.1
Total 12 19229 01541 207
% 100.0 100.0 100.0
Control variables (categorical)
Sex
 Male523512 12317 358
 %43.041.842.1
 Female695716 89223 849
 %57.158.257.9
Total 12 19229 01541 207
% 100.0 100.0 100.0
Race
 White11 12426 76737 891
 %91.292.392.0
 Non-white106822483316
 %8.87.88.1
Total 12 19229 01541 207
% 100.0 100.0 100.0
UK country
 England987423 57133 445
 %81.081.281.2
 Wales72116842405
 %5.95.85.8
 Scotland109826623760
 %9.09.29.1
 Northern Ireland49910981597
 %4.13.83.9
Total 12 19229 01541 207
% 100.0 100.0 100.0
Employment type
 Employed10 47424 33534 809
 %85.983.984.5
 Self-employed, both or other171846806398
 %14.116.115.5
Total 12 19229 01541 207
% 100.0 100.0 100.0
Control variables (continuous)
Pre-pandemic Pandemic Total
Age Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
46.611.348.811.348.211.3
  • *Wave 9 response rate for households (ie, at least 1 member responding) was 84.7% and the response rate for individuals (for full interview) was 76.8%;22 wave 10/11 response rates are not published as it is a combined survey bridging the gap between the latest annually collected data; and response rates for the COVID-19 surveys for those that were interviewed fully or partially at wave 9 are 42.0% for April, 35.1% for May, 33.5% for June, 32.6% for July, 30.6% for September and 28.6% for November.20 23–25

  • Usoc, Understanding Society.