Table 3

Adjusted prevalence difference and 95% CI,* and adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR and 95% CI),* for employment and working conditions, psychosocial exposure, health characteristics and drug consumption among frontline versus non-frontline workers, according to sex

WomenMen
Prevalence difference (95% CI)†aPR (95% CI)‡Prevalence difference (95% CI)†aPR (95% CI)‡
Employment characteristics
Temporary contract3.9 (12.8 to 6.5)1.16 (1.05 to 1.28)−2.9 (−6.9 to 1.0)0.83 (0.66 to 1.06)
Salary sometimes, only once or never covers basic needs12.4 (9.7 to 15.0)1.46 (1.35 to 1.58)0.1 (−3.5 to 3.7)1.00 (0.86 to 1.17)
Psychosocial exposure (reference category: not exposed)
Exposed to high emotional demands5.0 (2.1 to 7.9)1.07 (1.03 to 1.12)−8.5 (−12.9 to −0.4)0.87 (0.81 to 0.94)
Exposed to low social support−1.5 (−4.7 to 1.6)0.96 (0.90 to 1.04)1.3 (−3.3 to 6.0)1.03 (0.92 to 1.16)
Exposed to high job insecurity−14.1 (−16.9 to −11.4)0.64 (0.58 to 0.70)−12.3 (−16.4 to −8.2)0.71 (0.63 to 0.80)
Exposed to high work–family conflict−5.6 (−8.9 to −2.3)0.90 (0.84 to 0.96)−5.0 (−9.6 to −0.3)0.91 (0.83 to 0.99)
Exposed to high strain1.7 (−1.5 to 4.9)1.04 (0.97 to 1.12)−1.3 (−5.9 to 3.4)0.97 (0.86 to 1.09)
Health characteristics and drug consumption
Worse general health than before the state of alarm2.5 (−0.4 to 5.6)1.06 (0.99 to 1.14)−4.2 (−8.2 to −0.5)0.88 (0.77 to 1.00)
At high risk of suffering poor mental health:3.6 (0.7 to 6.5)1.06 (1.01 to 1.11)0.4 (−4.1 to 4.9)1.01 (0.91 to 1.11)
Increased tranquiliser consumption among those who were taking them before the state of alarm−3.3 (−10.7 to 4.1)0.92 (0.76 to 1.11)−2.0 (−13.9 to 9.9)0.93 (0.61 to 1.42)
Started to consume tranquilisers during the state of alarm4.6 (1.9 to 7.3)1.30 (1.11 to 1.52)0.5 (−1.9 to 3.0)1.06 (0.81 to 1.38)
Increased painkiller (opioid) consumption among those who were taking them before the state of alarm2.5 (−4.6 to 9.7)1.09 (0.85 to 1.39)3.90 (−8.6 to 16.3)1.23 (0.64 to 2.34)
Started to consume painkillers (opioids) during the state of alarm2.1 (0.0 to 4.2)1.19 (1.00 to 1.41)−0.6 (−3.0 to 1.8)0.94 (0.71 to 1.23)
  • *Adjusted by age and occupational social class.

  • †(prevalence in frontline workers – prevalence in non-frontline workers).

  • ‡Reference category: non-frontline workers.