Table 1

Characteristics of the study population

CharacteristicLevelNo (%)
SexFemale18 455 496 (52.4)
Male16 767 970 (47.6)
Age (years)18–296 024 663 (17.1)
30–395 196 626 (14.8)
40–495 561 817 (15.8)
50–596 430 167 (18.3)
60–695 234 144 (14.9)
70–794 263 033 (12.1)
80+2 513 016 (7.1)
EthnicityBangladeshi270 035 (0.8)
Black African538 586 (1.5)
Black Caribbean378 063 (1.1)
Chinese187 646 (0.5)
Indian946 289 (2.7)
Mixed584 822 (1.7)
Other858 255 (2.4)
Pakistani708 387 (2.0)
White British29 024 719 (82.4)
White other1 726 664 (4.9)
ReligionBuddhist146 584 (0.4)
Christian21 309 133 (60.5)
Hindu537 242 (1.5)
Jewish159 557 (0.5)
Muslim1 598 295 (4.5)
Sikh292 093 (0.8)
Other religion162 467 (0.5)
No religion8 808 882 (25.0)
Religion not stated2 209 213 (6.3)
Disability statusNot limited30 095 777 (85.4)
Limited a little31,101,61 (8.8)
Limited a lot2 017 528 (5.7)
Index of Multiple Deprivation Quintile1 (Most deprived)6 487 968 (18.4)
26 875 573 (19.5)
37 186 492 (20.4)
47 325 184 (20.8)
5 (Least deprived)7 348 249 (20.9)
Household tenureOwned24 190 067 (68.7)
Private rented4 991 430 (14.2)
Social rented5 183 538 (14.7)
Other556 343 (1.6)
Not classified302 088 (0.9)
English Language ProficiencyMain language32 762 210 (93.0)
Not main language2 461 256 (7.0)
Educational AttainmentLevel 4+8 866 351 (30.4)
Level 33 608 197 (12.4)
Apprenticeship1 061 770 (3.6)
Level 24 326 004 (14.8)
Level 14 065 820 (13.9)
Other1 593 068 (5.5)
No qualification5 677 593 (19.4)
National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification1 Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations4 957 652 (14.1)
2 Lower managerial, administrative and professional occupations8 210 886 (23.3)
3 Intermediate occupations3 687 464 (10.5)
4 Small employers and own account workers4 651 919 (13.2)
5 Lower supervisory and technical occupations3 086 562 (8.8)
6 Semi-routine occupations4 454 670 (12.6)
7 Routine occupations4 150 251 (11.8)
8 Never worked and long-term unemployed1 209 877 (3.4)
Not classified814 185 (2.3)
  • Note: Adults aged 18 years and over living in England, alive on 8 December 2020.