Table 2

Change in loneliness score estimated from the UCLA loneliness scale for each 5-kilogramme change in grip strength, a complete-case analysis

Change in loneliness score
Men (n=2769)Women (n=3349)
β (95% CI)P valueβ (95% CI)P value
Decrease in grip strength
Unadjusted0.05 (0.03 to 0.08)<0.0010.08 (0.04 to 0.12)<0.001
Adjusted*0.04 (–0.003 to 0.08)0.0690.03 (–0.02 to 0.09)0.277
Increase in grip strength
Unadjusted0.02 (–0.03 to 0.08)0.4260.01 (–0.06 to 0.09)0.684
Adjusted*0.01 (–0.05 to 0.07)0.692–0.02 (–0.10 to 0.06)0.582
  • *Adjusted for age, living alone, employment status, NS-SEC occupation category, diagnoses of arthritis, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

  • NS-SEC, National Statistics Socioeconomic Classification; UCLA, University of California Los Angeles.