Table 3

HRs (95% CIs) for incidence of newly diagnosed HTN and uncontrolled HTN according to education level

Elementary school and belowMiddle schoolHigh school degree or abovePtrend
Newly diagnosed HTNIncidence (%)27.019.416.1<0.0001
Model 11.00 (ref.)0.65 (0.63 to 0.68)0.51 (0.49 to 0.54)<0.0001
Model 21.00 (ref.)0.74 (0.70 to 0.77)0.59 (0.56 to 0.62)<0.0001
Model 31.00 (ref.)0.72 (0.68 to 0.75)0.58 (0.55 to 0.61)<0.0001
Model 41.00 (ref.)0.71 (0.67 to 0.74)0.58 (0.55 to 0.61)<0.0001
Model 51.00 (ref.)0.76 (0.72 to 0.80)0.67 (0.63 to 0.70)<0.0001
Uncontrolled HTNIncidence (%)65.957.853.7<0.0001
Model 11.00 (ref.)0.83 (0.80 to 0.85)0.75 (0.73 to 0.78)<0.0001
Model 21.00 (ref.)0.82 (0.80 to 0.84)0.75 (0.73 to 0.77)<0.0001
Model 31.00 (ref.)0.81 (0.78 to 0.83)0.73 (0.71 to 0.76)<0.0001
Model 41.00 (ref.)0.84 (0.82 to 0.87)0.79 (0.76 to 0.82)<0.0001
Model 51.00 (ref.)0.90 (0.87 to 0.92)0.85 (0.82 to 0.88)<0.0001
  • Model 1 was unadjusted.

  • Model 2 was adjusted for age.

  • Model 3 was adjusted for age, sex and BMI.

  • Model 4 was adjusted for age, sex, BMI, current smoking, current drinking, family history of diabetes, creatinine, GGT, FPG, insulin, LDL-C and TG.

  • Model 5 was adjusted for age, sex, BMI, current smoking, current drinking, family history of diabetes, creatinine, GGT, FPG, insulin, LDL-C, TG, baseline SBP and DBP.

  • BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; GGT, glutamyltransferase; HTN, hypertension; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TG, triglycerides.