Table 2

Age and sex-adjusted and confounder-adjusted results of isotemporal substitution analyses for depressive symptoms

30 min more…
SleepSedentary behaviourLight PAModerate-to-vigorous PA
Age and sex-adjusted model
 Replacing…Sleep0.08−0.05 to 0.210.08−0.36 to 0.510.73 1.24 to –0.22
Sedentary behaviour−0.08−0.20 to 0.050.00−0.44 to 0.430.81 1.30 to –0.32
Light PA−0.09−0.62 to 0.43−0.02−0.55 to 0.51−0.83−1.80 to 0.15
Moderate-to-vigorous PA 1.09 0.34 to 1.83 1.17 0.44 to 1.89 1.17 0.05 to 2.28
Confounder-adjusted model
Sleep0.03−0.09 to 0.160.12−0.30 to 0.530.55 1.04 to –0.06
Replacing…Sedentary behaviour−0.04−0.16 to 0.080.08−0.33 to 0.500.59 1.06 to –0.12
Light PA−0.15−0.65 to 0.35−0.11−0.62 to 0.39−0.70−1.63 to 0.24
Moderate-to-vigorous PA 0.81 0.09 to 1.53 0.85 0.15 to 1.55 0.93−0.14 to 2.00
  • Values represent the estimated differences in the outcome between the mean composition of the study population and a new composition, for example, in which 30 min more times were spent in sleep and 30 min less in sedentary behaviour (while light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were unchanged). The confounder-adjusted model was adjusted for age, sex, living situation, educational level, employment, body mass index, history of cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes, use of psycholeptics and psychoanaleptics, smoking status and alcohol use. Bold indicates a significant association (p<0.05).

  • PA, physical activity.