Table 1

Study sample characteristics

Total (N=1943)Men (N=940)Women (N=1003)
Age70.91 (9.26)70.94 (9.10)70.88 (9.42)
Educational level
 Primary117 (6.0%)46 (4.9%)71 (7.1%)
 Lower714 (36.7%)224 (23.8%)490 (48.9%)
 Further/intermediate594 (30.6%)342 (36.4%)252 (25.1%)
 Higher494 (25.4%)318 (33.8%)176 (17.5%)
Marital status
 Living with partner1401 (72.1%)797 (84.8%)604 (60.2%)
 Living alone542 (27.9%)143 (15.2%)399 (39.8%)
Occupation
 Yes378 (19.5%)207 (22.0%)171 (17.0%)
Body mass index, m/kg2 27.59 (4.28)27.42 (3.65)27.75 (4.78)
History of cancer231 (11.9%)133 (14.1%)98 (9.8%)
History of coronary heart disease177 (9.1%)140 (14.9%)37 (3.7%)
History of stroke69 (3.6%)38 (4.0%)31 (3.1%)
History of diabetes346 (17.8%)187 (19.9%)159 (15.9%)
Alcohol (glass/day), median (IQR)0.64 (0.05–0.86)0.86 (0.16–1.50)0.38 (0.05–0.86)
Smoking
 Current smoker171 (8.8%)73 (7.8%)98 (9.8%)
 Former smoker1141 (58.7%)633 (67.3%)508 (50.6%)
 Never smoker631 (32.5%)234 (24.9%)397 (39.6%)
Depressive symptoms (CES-D), median (IQR)3.00 (1.00–7.00)2.00 (0.00–5.00)4.00 (1.00–9.00)
Anxiety (HADS), median (IQR)2.60 (0.00–4.00)1.00 (0.00–3.00)2.00 (1.00–5.00)
Nocturnal sleep6 hours 26 min (62 min)6 hours 20 min (63 min)6 hours 31 min (61 min)
Sedentary behaviour13 hours 32 min (79 min)13 hours 49 min (78 min)13 hours 18 min (76 min)
Light physical activity2 hours 28 min (32 min)2 hours 24 min (31 min)2 hours 32 min (31 min)
Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity1 hour 23 min (29 min)1 hour 21 min (28 min)1 hour 25 min (29 min)
  • Data are presented as mean(SD) or N(%) unless otherwise indicated, and shown for non-imputed data. Missing data were low (<2%).

  • Time spent in nocturnal sleep, sedentary behaviour, light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity does not necessarily add up to 24 hours, as not all participants wore the accelerometer for the full 24 hours per day (participants were included when they used the accelerometer for at least 4 days with minimally 1200 min each day).

  • CES-D, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale.