Table 2

Association of Area Deprivation Index (ADI) and blood pressure, pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure in the Sister Study

ADINSBP (mm Hg) *DBP (mm Hg) *PP (mm Hg) †MAP (mm Hg) †
β95% CIβ95% CIβ95% CIβ95% CI
≤10 %88370Referent0Referent0Referent0Referent
11%–20%83421.00.56 to 1.50.440.13 to 0.750.590.30 to 0.890.640.29 to 0.98
21%–35%10 1771.61.2 to 2.10.740.44 to 1.00.870.58 to 1.21.00.69 to 1.4
36%–55%99102.31.8 to 2.81.20.87 to 1.51.10.83 to 1.41.61.2 to 1.9
>55%10 0633.53.0 to 3.91.61.3 to 2.01.81.5 to 2.12.21.9 to 2.6
P for trend<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
  • Models were adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, annual household income and educational attainment.

  • High ADI represents high deprivation.

  • *For participants on antihypertensive medications, measured blood pressure was corrected by adding 15 mm Hg to SBP and 10 mm Hg to DBP.

  • †PP=SBP DBP; MAP=1/3(SBP) +2/3(DBP).

  • CI, confidence interval; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; MAP, mean arterial pressure; PP, pulse pressure; PR, prevalence ratio; SBP, systolic blood pressure.