Table 1

Baseline sociodemographic characteristics of TARGet Kids! Study participants for total study sample and by sex

VariableOverall
(N=5962)
Males
(n=3117)
Females
(n=2845)
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Age (in months)41.35 (37.13)41.43 (36.89)41.26 (37.41)
Number of family members supported by family income3.64 (1.08)3.66 (1.07)3.62 (1.08)
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Child sex
 Male3117 (52.28%)
 Female2845 (47.72%)
Maternal ethnicity
 European3360 (62.36%)1755 (62.21%)1605 (62.52%)
 East/South/Southeast Asian1116 (20.71%)599 (21.23%)517 (20.14%)
 Other912 (16.93%)467 (16.55%)445 (17.34%)
Maternal education
 <University1301 (22.07%)660 (21.44%)641 (22.76%)
 ≥University4593 (77.93%)2418 (78.56%)2175 (77.24%)
Child BMI categories
 Underweight (zBMI<−2)255 (4.28%)135 (4.33%)120 (4.22%)
 Normal weight (−2≤zBMI≤1)4785 (80.26%)2457 (78.83%)2328 (81.83%)
 Overweight (1<zBMI≤2)705 (11.82%)391 (12.54%)314 (11.04%)
 Obesity (zBMI>2)217 (3.64%)134 (4.30%)83 (2.92%)
Family income categories ($C)
 Q1 (<$70 244)1192 (20.0%)592 (19.0%)600 (21.1%)
 Q2 ($70 244–1 16 236)1193 (20.0%)654 (21.0%)539 (19.0%)
 Q3 ($1 16 237–1 63 081)1192 (20.0%)622 (20.0%)570 (20.0%)
 Q4 ($1 63 082–2 21 438)1192 (20.0%)634 (20.3%)558 (19.6%)
 Q5 (>$221 438)1193 (20.0%)615 (19.7%)578 (20.3%)
Median neighbourhood income categories ($C)
 Q1 (<$62 336)1186 (19.9%)622 (20.0%)564 (19.8%)
 Q2 ($62 336–80 383)1190 (20.0%)600 (19.3%)590 (20.7%)
 Q3 ($80 384–96 109)1200 (20.0%)632 (20.3%)568 (20.0%)
 Q4 ($96 110–1 16 607)1186 (19.9%)637 (20.4%)549 (19.3%)
 Q5 (>$116 607)1200 (20.1%)626 (20.1%)574 (20.2%)
Material deprivation (ON-Marg quintiles)
 Q1 (most deprived)845 (13.8%)429 (13.8%)416 (14.6%)
 Q2893 (15.0 %)466 (15.0%)427 (15.0%)
 Q31167 (19.2%)598 (19.2%)569 (20.0%)
 Q41365 (23.6%)736 (23.6%)629 (22.1%)
 Q5 (least deprived)1691 (28.5%)888 (28.5%)803 (28.2%)
  • BMI, body mass index; $C, Canadian dollars; ON-Marg, Ontario Marginalization Index; zBMI, BMI z-scores.