Table 3

ORs (95% CI) of diabetes associated with education for cities with different levels of the Social Environment Index (SEI) and residual education slope variance across cities

WomenMen*
Argentina, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia, Mexico
Peru, Panama,
El Salvador
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Per unit higher education at the 10th pct of SEI0.81 (0.73 to 0.90)1.03 (0.92 to 1.16)1.32 (1.10 to 1.59)
Per unit higher education at the median SEI0.80 (0.75 to 0.85)0.91 (0.85 to 0.97)1.16 (0.96 to 1.40)
Per unit higher education at the 90th pct of SEI0.80 (0.73 to 0.87)0.85 (0.78 to 0.94)1.09 (0.89 to 1.35)
Variance of education slope 0.0245 (0.0140)0.0146 (0.0120)
P value for education and SEI interaction0.834 0.019
P value for education and country groups interaction 0.014
  • Models were adjusted for age, country fixed effects, and education and SEI main effects.

  • *The model for men also includes the interaction between individual education and country.