Table 1

Sample characteristics by food insecurity status based on CCHS 2007–2008, 2011–2012 and 2017–2018

OverallFood insecurity status
SecureMarginally insecureModerately insecureSeverely insecure
Mandatory outcomes
 Fair or poor mental health (n=53 900)
 Mood disorders (n=55 600)
 Anxiety disorders (n=55 600)
Optional outcomes
 K-10 clinical distress (n=12 400)18.516.828.132.936.0
 CIDI-SF major depression (n=10 800)
 Suicidal ideation (n=40 000)
Covariates (n=55 700)
 Age (years), mean±SE18.19±0.00218.24±0.00217.67±0.00918.10±0.00717.61±0.018
 Household income (2018 Canadian dollar), mean±SE98 528±342105 635±38064 520±96948 697±59040 394±1241
 Income imputed by Statistics Canada30.731.
 Other ethnicities5.34.46.312.419.9
Highest education in household
 High school incomplete2.
 High school graduate10.99.915.017.821.9
 Some college4.
 Bachelor’s degree71.373.662.654.150.0
Housing tenure
Household type
 Couple with children65.068.451.440.633.7
 Couple without children4.
 Lone parents18.316.228.230.944.4
 Other household types11.210.114.620.816.8
 British Columbia12.712.413.214.716.3
 Newfoundland and Labrador1.
 Maritime provinces5.
CCHS cycle
 Cycle 2007–200833.333.630.232.731.6
 Cycle 2011–201234.033.835.436.526.0
 Cycle 2017–201832.632.634.330.842.3
Number of respondents55 70047 45029504500800
  • Numbers are weighted by CCHS person weight. Mandatory outcomes are based on survey questions requiring mandatory answering from all jurisdictions. Optional outcomes are based on survey questions of which jurisdictions can choose to opt out. Maritime provinces include Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. Territories include Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Numbers of survey respondents are rounded to protect identity. Original to this manuscript.

  • CCHS, Canadian Community Health Survey; CIDI-SF, Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Short Form; K-10, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale.