Table 4

Summary of associations between housing tenure, food security (FS) and health outcomes

SRHMental distress
Adjusted* coefficient (95% CI)P valueAdjusted* coefficient (95% CI)P value
(Intercept)4.782 (4.727 to 4.837)<0.0012.882 (2.700 to 3.063)<0.001
Tenure
Owned, no loanReferenceReference
Owned w/ loan−0.097 (−0.116 to −0.079)<0.0010.222 (0.169 to 0.276)<0.001
Rented−0.110 (−0.135 to −0.085)<0.0010.461 (0.381 to 0.541)<0.001
FS
High FSReferenceReference
Moderate FS−0.456 (−0.487 to −0.424)<0.0011.680 (1.574 to 1.786)<0.001
Low FS−0.728 (−0.762 to −0.695)<0.0012.994 (2.869 to 3.120)<0.001
Interaction effects
Owned w/ loan×moderate FS0.051 (0.014 to 0.088)0.007−0.033 (−0.158 to 0.092)0.604
Owned w/ loan×low FS0.061 (0.023 to 0.099)0.0020.100 (−0.043 to 0.242)0.171
Rented×moderate FS0.019 (−0.023 to 0.061)0.364−0.127 (−0.274 to 0.021)0.092
Rented×low FS0.047 (0.005 to 0.089)0.028−0.081 (−0.235 to 0.074)0.307
Observations921 028921 028
  • *Adjusted models control for the week of the pandemic, number of people living in the household, household income, age, gender, race, marital status, educational attainment and health insurance status.

  • SRH, self-rated health.