Table 2

Linear mixed models to test effects of reading problems at age 11 on memory and processing speed trajectories from age 43 to 69

Verbal memory
(N=1726)
Processing speed
(N=1730)
Intercept
 Reading problems−5.65 (1.30), <0.001*−8.05 (17.81), 0.65
 Sex1.42 (0.58), 0.0240.98 (8.27), <0.001
 Education2.75 (0.41), <0.00118.44 (5.90), 0.002
 Childhood SEP†0.17 (0.24), 0.490.81 (3.38), 0.81
 Adulthood SEP†−1.11 (0.27), <0.001−0.15 (3.81), 0.97
 Adulthood affective symptoms0.11 (0.08), 0.201.10 (1.20), 0.36
Slope
 Reading problems0.03 (0.02), 0.220.22 (0.30), 0.46
 Sex0.02 (0.01), 0.04−0.42 (0.14), 0.002
 Education−0.01 (0.01), 0.07−0.15 (0.10), 0.11
 Childhood SEP†−0.01 (0.004), 0.02−0.06 (0.06), 0.28
 Adulthood SEP†0.005 (0.004), 0.25−0.04 (0.06), 0.55
 Adulthood affective symptoms−0.004 (0.001), 0.007−0.03 (0.02), 0.14
  • *b (SE), p.

  • †Reverse coded.

  • SEP, Socioeconomic position.