Table 1

Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and health by deprivation status

Total (N (%))Non-deprived (n (%))Deprived (n (%))P value
Age (year)0.002
 18–30133 (17.7)115 (19.4) 18 (11.3)
 31–40136 (18.1)117 (19.8) 19 (11.9)
 41–50133 (17.7)94 (15.9) 39 (24.4)
 51–60143 (19.0)116 (19.6) 27 (16.9)
 61–70112 (14.9)80 (13.5) 32 (20.0)
 71–8054 (7.1)42 (7.1) 12 (7.5)
 81 or above40 (5.3)27 (4.6) 13 (8.1)
Sex0.089
 Male336 (44.7)274 (46.3) 62 (38.8)
 Female416 (55.3)318 (53.7) 98 (61.3)
Marital status<0.001
 Never married188 (25.0)166 (28.0) 22 (13.8)
 Married/cohabit493 (65.6)384 (64.9) 109 (68.6)
 Separated/ddivorced/widowed70 (9.3)42 (7.1) 28 (17.6)
Number of people within the household0.435
 160 (8.0)43 (7.3) 17 (10.6)
 2156 (20.7)130 (21.9) 26 (16.3)
 394 (12.4)72 (12.1) 22 (13.8)
 4198 (26.4)156 (26.3) 42 (26.3)
 5165 (21.9)132 (22.3) 33 (20.6)
 6 or above80 (10.6)60 (10.1) 20 (12.5)
Categories of family members
 16 years or under0.001
 0536 (71.2)439 (74.2) 97 (60.2)
 1–4217 (28.8)153 (25.8) 64 (39.8)
 17–64 years old, with chronic illnesses or disabilities0.127
 0721 (95.9)571 (96.5) 150 (93.8)
 1–231 (4.1)21 (3.5) 10 (6.3)
 65 years or above0.212
 0621 (82.7)494 (83.6) 127 (79.4)
 1–2130 (17.3)97 (16.4) 33 (20.6)
Education level<0.001
 Primary or below166 (22.3)112 (19.1) 54 (33.8)
 Secondary351 (47.1)269 (46.0) 82 (51.2)
 Tertiary or above228 (30.6)204 (34.9) 24 (15.0)
Social security<0.001
 Yes28 (3.7)12 (2.0) 16 (10.0)
 No724 (96.3)580 (98.0) 144 (90.0)
Place of birth<0.001
 Hong Kong426 (56.7)363 (61.4) 63 (39.4)
 Others325 (43.3)228 (38.6) 97 (60.6)
Income poverty<0.001
 Non-income poor489 (73.8)399 (77.9) 90 (59.6)
 Income poor174 (26.2)113 (22.1) 61 (40.4)
Worry of COVID-19<0.001
 Worried433 (57.6)306 (51.8) 127 (78.9)
 Neutral/not worried319 (42.4)285 (48.2) 34 (21.1)
SF-12
 PCS52.7±7.353.4±6.5 49.9±9.2<0.001
 MCS57.4±9.058.8±7.5 52.3±11.6<0.001
  • MCS, mental component summary; PCS, physical component summary.