Table 3

Types of community interventions identified

Type of interventionDescription
Welfare and advice services colocated in healthcare settings
(n=7)50 52–57
Services operating in primary care and hospital settings that provide information, support and advocacy for people dealing with financial insecurity. These services assist participants with problems relating to welfare (eg, benefits entitlement and appeals), housing (eg, tenancy agreements, repossessions and eviction), employment problems (eg, redundancy, unfair dismissal and training), finances (eg, income maximisation and financial literacy) and legal issues (eg, debt, compensation and court action).
Link worker social prescribing
(n=2)47 51
Trained link workers refer patients who present to their general practitioner with psychosocial problems to voluntary and community sector services, including cultural activities, befriending services and physical activity groups.
Telephone debt advice services
(n=2)48 58
Advice delivered via telephone providing financial planning and budgeting, credit counselling, assistance with repossession and bailiffs, and referral services, in conjunction with self-help material delivered online or by post.
Active labour market programmes
(n=3)49 59 60
Programmes delivered as part of national labour policies for the recently unemployed. These policies differ by country but involve early intervention when people become unemployed and regular monitoring of activities based on principles of ‘mutual obligation’. Unemployed people may be required to undertake job-seeking activities, participate in vocational and life skills training, complete work placements or volunteer their time in order to receive welfare benefits and avoid sanctions.83
Food insecurity interventions
Programmes that aim to alleviate food insecurity, including food banks, collective kitchens and bulk-buying clubs.