Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

IncludeWorking-age adults (18–64 years) living in high-income, OECD countries experiencing periods of personal or household financial uncertainty relating to employment (eg, recent or imminent unemployment, precarious employment), personal debt and legal issues, housing security (eg, mortgage or rent stress, threatened eviction) or food insecurity.
ExcludeOther chronic stressors or populations with more complex needs (eg, long-term homelessness, refugees and asylum seekers, recently released offenders, people experiencing domestic violence).
IncludeCommunity or social interventions. Defined as any non-clinical programme, service or policy that draws on resources beyond the healthcare system to improve the psychosocial living conditions of participants or their community.
ExcludeClinical or pharmaceutical interventions, including psychotherapies.
IncludeExperimental or quantitative observational studies that employ either preintervention and postintervention measurements, or intervention and control arms.
ExcludeStudies without preintervention and postintervention measurements or a comparison group, formative and process evaluations, qualitative studies.
Primary outcomesMental health outcomes broadly defined to include any objective measure of:
  • Psychological distress (eg, worry, stress, shame).

  • The symptoms of common mental disorders (eg, anxiety, depression).

  • Well-being and positive affect (eg, quality of life, happiness, self-esteem, resilience).

  • Mental health service utilisation (eg, consultations, referrals, prescribing).

Secondary outcomesAny data relevant to the cost-effectiveness of the intervention (from an individual, societal or government perspective).
  • OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.