Table 1

Description of the study sample, Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents’ Study, 2010–2012

Offspring characteristic (N=3175)% completeN (%)/mean (SD)/median (IQR)
 Age (years)
Sex>99%24.4 (3.8)
 Male>99%1842 (58%)
 Female1326 (42%)
Childhood SLI (out of 67)>99%15.9 (7.7)
Height (cm) (men/women)>99%167 (6.3) / 153 (5.7)
Leg length (cm) (men/women)>99%80.9 (4.1) / 74.7 (3.7)
Adult SLI (out of 67)>99%30.0 (8.5)
Adult occupation
 Unskilled labour or unemployed>99%803 (25%)
 Student, retired or housewife1233 (39%)
 Semiskilled labour331 (10%)
 Skilled labour522 (16%)
 Professional278 (9%)
Mother’s
 Age (years)95%46.9 (6.0)
 Childhood SLI (out of 67)95%8.9 (4.4)
 Height (cm)95%151 (5.4)
 Leg length (cm)95%73.8 (3.6)
Father’s
 Age (years)77%54.2 (6.7)
 Childhood SLI (out of 67)77%7.7 (3.9)
 Height (cm)77%162 (6.3)
 Leg length (cm)77%80.0 (4.1)
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg>99%115 (11.1)
 Diastolic blood pressure, mm Hg>99%75 (10.7)
 Total cholesterol, mg/dL97%157 (36)
 HDL cholesterol, mg/dL96%41 (34, 49)
 Triglycerides, mg/dL96%94 (70, 135)
 Fasting glucose, mmol/dL96%5.0 (4.6, 5.3)
 Fasting insulin, mU/L95%6.0 (3.9, 9.2)
 C reactive protein, mg/L96%0.77 (0.35, 2.05)
 Body mass index, kg/m2>99%20.6 (3.6)
 Waist circumference, mm>99%70.7 (9.8)
 Carotid intima-media thickness, mm46% (97%)*0.65 (0.17)
 Pulse wave velocity, m/s45% (94%)*6.1 (0.8)
 Augmentation index, %42% (88%)*15.6 (7.9)
 Abdominal fat mass, kg47% (99%)*1.0 (0.6, 1.6)
  • *% of those who attended the additional clinic for subclinical cardiovascular measures.

  • HDL, high-density lipoprotein; SLI, Standard of Living Index.