Table 4

HRs and 95% CIs of disability pension and mortality among refugees and Swedish-born individuals with or without a mental disorder, resident in Sweden in 2009; follow-up 2010–2013

n (%)*CrudeModel 1†Model 2‡Model 3§
HR (95% CI)
Disability pension (n=4 058 718)
Swedish-born individuals, no mental disorders9538 (0.30)1111
Refugees, no mental disorders973 (0.58)1.93 (1.81 to 2.07)1.93 (1.80 to 2.06)1.29 (1.21 to 1.38)1.28 (1.19 to 1.37)
Swedish-born individuals, with mental disorders20 282 (2.87)9.61 (9.38 to 9.84)8.69 (8.47 to 8.90)7.59 (7.40 to 7.78)6.05 (5.89 to 6.20)
Refugees, with mental disorders2831 (5.68)19.30 (18.51 to 20.13)17.85 (17.09 to 18.65)10.01 (9.56 to 10.47)8.00 (7.65 to 8.38)
Mortality (n=4 373 640))
Swedish-born individuals, no mental disorders13 715 (0.42)1111
Refugees, no mental disorders583 (0.34)0.80 (0.74 to 0.87)0.90 (0.82 to 0.97)0.68 (0.63 to 0.74)0.67 (0.62 to 0.73)
Swedish-born individuals, with mental disorders16 326 (1.82)4.31 (4.21 to 4.40)3.31 (3.23 to 3.39)2.65 (2.58 to 2.71)2.23 (2.18 to 2.29)
Refugees, with mental disorders727 (1.09)2.59 (2.41 to 2.79)2.07 (1.92 to 2.23)1.30 (1.21 to 1.40)1.08 (1.00 to 1.17)
  • *Number of individuals with the outcome during the follow-up period.

  • †Adjusted for sociodemographic factors, that is, sex, age, educational level, type of living area and family situation, measured on 31st of December 2009.

  • ‡Like model 1 and additionally adjusted for work-related factors, that is, income from work and unemployment, measured during 2009.

  • §Like model 2 and additionally adjusted for sickness absence during 2009 and occurrence of a main or a secondary diagnosis of a somatic disorder 2006–2009 according to International Classification of Disorders version 10: A00–E99, G00–Z99.