Table 1

Sample description

VariableCategories (or range)N or mean% or ±SD
GenderMale10 75749.8
Female10 83950.2
Age in years(15–65)41.8±11.4
Type of householdSingle, no children341015.8
Couple, no children757035.1
Couple with children652330.2
Single with children10614.9
Others303114.0
Migration backgroundNo19 16588.7
Yes243111.3
Weekly working hours(10–105)38.7±10.7
Job tenure in years(0–50)9.7±9.2
Income (% of country median)(0.04–5998.67)115.6±101.3
Occupational position (ESeC)Semi- and unskilled workers278212.9
Skilled workers327615.2
Lower grade white-collar workers494122.9
Higher grade blue-collar workers8744.0
Higher grade white-collar workers224010.4
Lower salariat522424.2
Higher salariat226010.5
Working sector (NACE)Agriculture3291.5
Industry362716.8
Construction13376.2
Transport13346.2
Commerce and hospitality405518.8
Financial services8554.0
Public administration15877.3
Education20949.7
Health259112.0
Other services378817.5
Non-permanent contractNo19 80791.7
Yes17898.3
Company size<10528724.5
10–249892241.3
250+738734.2
Organisation has a trade unionNo11 26752.2
Yes10 32947.8
Days of sickness absence(0–70)7.1±10.6
Days of sickness presence(0–70)3.8±7.4
Days with illness(0–130)11.0±13.6
Presenteeism propensity(0–100)34.8±40.4
Degree of urbanisationUrban10 17547.1
Intermediate670331.0
Rural471821.8
Regional unemployment rate(2.5–34.8)9.8±6.0
Total 21 596 100.0
  • ESeC, European Socio-economic Classification; NACE, Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne; SD, Standard deviation. National weight applied.