Table 3

Cox proportional hazards regression on enjoyment of life at 2004/2005 predicting T2D incidence from 2006/2007 to 2016/2017 after adjusting for sociodemographic, behavioural and clinical variables (N=4134)

HR95% CIP value
CASP enjoyment of life score0.930.87 to 0.990.020
Age (years)1.011.00 to 1.030.070
Sex (reference cat.: men)0.640.50 to 0.81<0.001
Financial wealth (£)
Quintile 1 (reference cat.)10.67 to 1.520.962
Quintile 21.010.79 to 1.650.472
Quintile 31.140.67 to 1.420.891
Quintile 40.970.46 to 1.040.076
Quintile 50.69
Ethnicity (reference cat.: white)1.870.83 to 4.230.131
Marital/cohabiting status
(reference cat.:married or cohabiting)
0.750.565 to 1.000.051
Physical activity per week
Light or none (reference cat.)10.66 to 1.340.737
Moderate or vigorous 1 per week0.940.71 to 1.310.802
Moderate or vigorous >1 per week0.96
Smoking status
(reference cat.: smoker)
0.940.68 to 1.300.708
Alcohol consumption
(reference cat.: <5 days/week)
0.860.64 to 1.160.332
BMI (kg/m2)1.101.08 to 1.13<0.001
Hypertension
(reference cat.: no)
1.351.07 to 1.710.013
CHD (reference cat.: no)1.120.79 to 1.590.526
HbA1c (%)2.582.33 to 2.85<0.001
  • BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin; HR, hazards ratio; kg/m2, kilograms per square metre; N, number; cat, category; T2D, type 2 diabetes.