Table 2

Sociodemographic characteristics of primary schools in England by The Daily Mile (TDM) registration (level 1) (n=15,815)

All primary schools
mean (SD)
TDM-registered schools
mean (SD)
Non-TDM-registered schools
mean (SD)
P valueSchools reporting (N)
School size (number of pupils)275.92 (156.72)299.79 (157.41)269.13 (155.87)<0.001*15815
Disadvantaged pupils (%)30.06 (19.07)31.87 (19.46)29.52 (18.92)<0.001*13585
% Ethnic group
 White British and White Other79.29 (24.57)76.00 (26.64)80.2 (23.86)<0.001*15815
 Asian7.94 (15.52)9.54 (17.47)7.48 (14.88)<0.001*15815
 Black African and Black Caribbean4.35 (9.54)5.32 (10.77)4.07 (9.13)<0.001*15815
 Mixed5.21 (4.17)5.58 (4.32)5.10 (4.12)<0.001*15815
 Other2.6 (4.33)2.89 (4.50)2.52 (4.28)<0.001*15815
 Unclassified0.77(1.64)0.78 (1.53)0.77 (1.66)0.602*15743
Pupils known to be eligible for and claiming free school meals (%)14.06 (11.19)15.1 (11.52)13.8 (11.10)<0.001*15743
Absence rate (%)4.10 (0.87)4.13 (0.86)4.10 (0.87)0.042*15815
Pupils whose first language is known or believed to be other than English (%)15.51(21.34)17.97 (22.85)14.81 (20.84)<0.001*15743
SEN pupils with a statement or EHC plan (%)1.93 (2.68)1.97 (2.52)1.92 (2.72)0.36*13585
Pupils reaching the expected standard in reading, writing and maths (%)62.45 (14.67)62.69 (14.15)62.38 (14.83)0.292*13585
Progress measure for reading, writing and maths0.13(1.84)0.21 (1.77)0.110 (1.86)<0.05*13548
All primary schools
N (%)
TDM-registered schools
N (%)
Non-TDM--registered schools
N (%)
P value
School type
 Academy4113 (26.01)927 (28.44)3186 (8.54)0.33†14116
 Local authority–controlled10 003 (63.25)2332 (71.56)7671 (21.48)
Office for National Statistics Rurality Classification15815
 Hamlets and isolated dwellings (rural)766 (4.84)134 (3.83)632 (5.13)<0.001†
 Town and fringe (rural)1727 (10.92)314 (8.97)1413 (11.48)
 Village (rural)2072 (13.1)335 (9.57)1737 (14.11)
 City and town (urban)6012 (38.01)1199 (34.24)4813 (39.09)
 Major conurbation (urban)4711 (29.79)1408 (40.21)3303 (26.82)
 Minor conurbation (urban)527 (3.33)112 (3.2)415 (3.37)
Region15815
 North East1492 (9.43)203 (5.8)598 (4.86)<0.001†
 North West1839 (11.63)639 (18.25)1734 (14.08)
 Yorkshire and the Humber686 (4.34)334 (9.54)1338 (10.87)
 East Midlands801 (5.06)247 (7.05)1245 (10.11)
 East of England2373 (15)412 (11.76)1427 (11.59)
 West Midlands1061 (6.71)332 (9.48)1323 (10.74)
 Inner London2508 (15.86)214 (6.11)472 (3.83)
 Outer London1728 (10.93)285 (8.14)776 (6.30)
 South East1655 (10.46)501 (14.31)2007 (16.30)
 South West1672 (10.57)335 (9.57)1393 (11.31)
  • *P value derived from t-test comparing variable and TDM registration.

  • †P value derived from χ² test comparing variable and TDM registration.

  • EHC, education, health and care plan; SEN, Special Educational Needs.

  • Progress measures are a value-added measure that pupils’ results are compared to the actual achievements of other pupils nationally with similar prior attainment. Progress scores will be centred around 0, with most schools within the range of −5 to +5.24