Table 2

Change in the built environment characteristics and neighbourhood perception scores in East Village group compared with change in control group, overall and by housing group

All housing groupsSocial housing groupIntermediate housing groupMarket-rent housing groupInteraction
Difference (95% CI)P valueDifference (95% CI)P valueDifference (95% CI)P valueDifference (95% CI)P valueterm
Built environment characteristics (n=790) *
Distance to closest park−528 (−575, −482)<0.001−581 (−649, −512)<0.001−439 (−513, −366)<0.001−612 (−737, −487)<0.0010.01
TfL PTAL score1.6 (1.3, 1.9)<0.0011.4 (0.9, 1.8)<0.0012.3 (1.8, 2.8)<0.0010.6 (−0.2, 1.4)0.13<0.001
Walkability2.1 (1.9, 2.4)<0.0011.8 (1.4, 2.2)<0.0012.5 (2.1, 3.0)<0.0012.1 (1.4, 2.9)<0.0010.09
Neighbourhood perception scales (n=877)†
Safety3.4 (2.9, 3.9)<0.0013.4 (2.7, 4.2)<0.0013.9 (3.0, 4.7)<0.0012.2 (0.9, 3.4)<0.0010.10
Quality5.0 (4.5, 5.4)<0.0015.3 (4.6, 6.0)<0.0014.5 (3.7, 5.3)<0.0015.0 (3.8, 6.2)<0.0010.33
  • Estimates of the difference between East Village and control groups are from multilevel models adjusting for sex, age group and ethnicity with household as a random effect.

  • *Built environment variables were available for 790 living in the Greater London area at baseline and at follow-up. Distance to closest park from choice of local, district and metropolitan parks. PTAL is a Transport for London (TfL) score assessing the availability of public transport options, where a high score indicates good public transport links. Walkability is the sum of three z-transformed variables—land-use mix, residential density and street connectivity.

  • †Neighbourhood perception scores are scored −10 to +10 for safety and −12 to +12 for quality; higher scores indicate less perceived crime and higher perceived quality.