Table 3

Results from structural equation model

Standardised estimateSEEstimated SETwo-tailed p value
CFA loadings for the unhealthy food outlet latent construct
 Unhealthy outlet density0.5750.1414.086<0.001
 Unhealthy outlet distance from home0.5600.1483.770<0.001
 Unhealthy outlet distance from school0.5750.2971.9390.053
CFA loadings for the unhealthy dietary behaviours latent construct
 Purchase on the way to school0.7680.0809.584<0.001
 Purchase on the way from school0.8640.0909.625<0.001
 Unhealthy snack consumption0.2090.0673.1280.002
 Unhealthy drink consumption0.4770.04510.632<0.001
DV: Unhealthy dietary behaviours
IVs:
 Neighbourhood deprivation tertile0.0530.0980.5380.590
 Age−0.0200.086−0.2280.820
 Sex0.0000.032−0.0020.998
Ethnicity
 Māori0.0000.0670.0050.996
 Pacific peoples0.0020.0790.0240.981
 Asian0.0000.075−0.0040.997
 MELAA0.0000.0480.0011.000
 Other0.0000.1090.0001.000
 European0.0000.088−0.0030.998
DV: Unhealthy food outlets
IVs:
 Neighbourhood deprivation tertile0.0440.2900.1510.880
 Age−0.0190.202−0.0930.926
 Sex0.0000.032−0.0020.999
Ethnicity
 Māori0.0000.1920.0020.999
 Pacific peoples0.0020.1890.0080.993
 Asian0.0000.218−0.0010.999
 MELAA0.0000.1140.0001.000
 Other0.0000.0790.0001.000
 European0.0000.220−0.0010.999
Correlation between unhealthy food outlets and unhealthy dietary behaviours0.0290.0350.814 0.416
Correlation between waist-to-height ratio and unhealthy dietary behaviours−0.1340.040−3.356 0.001
Correlation between waist-to-height ratio and unhealthy food outlets−0.0380.045−0.842 0.400
DV: Waist-to-height ratio
IVs:
 Neighbourhood deprivation tertile0.1690.0473.582<0.001
 Age−0.0240.061−0.3880.698
 Sex−0.0740.048−1.5410.123
Ethnicity
 Māori0.0880.0761.1540.249
 Pacific peoples0.1910.0802.3920.017
 Asian−0.0380.077−0.4880.626
 MELAA−0.0250.045−0.5540.580
 Other−0.0040.041−0.1020.919
 European−0.1860.126−1.4740.140
  • CFA, Confirmatory Factor Analysis; DV, Dependent variable; IV, Independent variable; MELAA, Middle Eastern, Latin American, African.