Table 2

Association between adulthood SES, personal coping resources and financial chronic stress

Chronic financial stress
Rate ratio
Adulthood SES
 <25th quartile (most disadvantageous)2.29***1.88***
(2.09 to 2.50)(1.72 to 2.06)
 25th−50th1.91***1.69***
(1.76 to 2.07)(1.57 to 1.83)
 50th−75th1.48***1.39***
(1.37 to 1.59)(1.29 to 1.49)
 >75th quartile (least disadvantageous) (ref)11
Sense of Control Scale
 Mastery0.94***
(0.92 to 0.95)
 Constraints1.13***
(1.11 to 1.15)
Social Support Scale
 Positive0.91***
(0.88 to 0.95)
 Negative1.30***
(1.25 to 1.36)
  • Models are adjusted for baseline covariates: age, sex, early-life SES and race.

  • Rate ratio; 95% CI in parentheses.

  • Person-wave=19 918, N=11 778.

  • *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001.

  • ref, reference; SES, socioeconomic status.