Table 3

Results from Cox proportional hazards model that evaluated the 10 year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk by baseline muscle mass tertile, in the ATTICA study participants 45+ years old.

HR95% CI
Men vs women3.830.97 to 15.2
Education (years at school)0.91*0.84 to 0.99
SES (low/middle vs high)1.670.78 to 3.56
MedDietScore (range 0–55)0.95**0.91 to 0.98
Smoking ever (yes vs no)1.260.79 to 2.02
Physically active (yes vs no)0.920.59 to 1.44
Obesity (yes vs no)0.660.38 to 1.14
Hypertension (yes vs no)1.69*1.08 to 2.65
Diabetes mellitus (yes vs no)1.550.82 to 2.94
Hypercholesterolaemia (yes vs no)1.160.74 to 1.83
 First tertileReference
 Second tertile0.460.11 to 1.81
 Third tertile0.19*0.04 to 0.85
  • *p<0.05 **p<0.001.

  • ASM, appendicular skeletal muscle mass; BMI, body mass index; MedDietScore, adherence to the Mediterranean diet; SES, socioeconomic status; SMI, skeletal muscle mass index.