Table 4

Fixed effects linear regression models regressing changes in mental health on changes in green, blue and agricultural spaces using data from 2004, 2011 and 2014 (n=8194 person observations)

Total sample
n=8194 person observations
UnadjustedAdjusted*
β95% CIP valueβ95% CIP value
Distance to nearest green space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
0.18−0.28 to 0.640.4470.17−0.28 to 0.630.460
Distance to nearest green or blue space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
0.15−0.30 to 0.610.5170.16−0.29 to 0.610.486
Distance to nearest green or agricultural green space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
0.35−0.16 to 0.850.1830.33−0.17 to 0.840.193
Distance to nearest green, blue or agricultural green space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
0.31−0.18 to 0.810.2150.32−0.17 to 0.810.200
Amount of green spaces within 300 m buffers (hectares)
 Total mental health score
0.06−0.25 to 0.360.7150.06−0.25 to 0.360.716
Amount of green spaces within 500 m buffers (hectares)
 Total mental health score
0.01−0.10 to 0.110.9230.00−0.11 to 0.110.989
Amount of green spaces within 1000 m buffers (hectares)
 Total mental health score
0.00−0.03 to 0.030.9430.00−0.03 to 0.030.894
Non-movers
n=4449 person observations
UnadjustedAdjusted*
β95% CIP valueβ95% CIP value
Distance to nearest green space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
−0.40−2.37 to 1.560.687−0.36−2.30 to 1.580.715
Distance to nearest green or blue space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
−0.28−1.95 to 1.400.745−0.25−1.92 to 1.430.772
Distance to nearest green or agricultural green space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
−0.74−2.89 to 1.410.502−0.69−2.83 to 1.450.526
Distance to nearest green, blue or agricultural green space (100 m)
 Total mental health score
−0.26−2.18 to 1.650.789−0.22−2.15 to 1.700.819
Amount of green spaces within 300 m buffers (hectares)
 Total mental health score
0.25−0.71 to 1.220.6060.29−0.69 to 1.260.567
Amount of green spaces within 500 m buffers (hectares)
 Total mental health score
0.19−0.45 to 0.840.5570.21−0.42 to 0.830.518
Amount of green spaces within 1000 m buffers (hectares)
 Total mental health score
0.05−0.10 to 0.190.5260.05−0.10 to 0.190.526
  • *Adjusted for time-varying confounders marital status, income and employment.