Mean | SD | Min | Max | |

Dependent variables | ||||

ln death rate (total) | 5.9 | 1.36 | 3.58 | 9.39 |

ln death rate (females) | 5.5 | 1.44 | 3.06 | 9.30 |

ln death rate (males) | 6.2 | 1.36 | 3.84 | 9.65 |

Key explanatory variables | ||||

Mean achievement of bottom parental quartile | 40.0 | 5.49 | 18.7 | 73.1 |

Mean achievement of top parental quartile | 63.7 | 5.51 | 34.6 | 87.7 |

Correlation in socioeconomic status across parental and children’s generation | 0.32 | 0.11 | −0.64 | 0.83 |

Controls | ||||

Mean children’s social status | 42.4 | 3.74 | 24.5 | 52.6 |

Mean parental social status | 40.5 | 5.72 | 22.7 | 54.8 |

Proportion of females | 52.1 | 5.09 | 32.7 | 87.7 |

Proportion with higher education | 28.2 | 13.8 | 0.00 | 71.3 |

Mean household income | 10.7 | 0.88 | 7.44 | 16.9 |

Proportion of unemployed | 6.06 | 5.16 | 0.00 | 34.5 |

Mean social trust | 4.80 | 0.74 | 2.56 | 7.99 |

Proportion of ethnic minority | 4.75 | 4.11 | 0.00 | 30.9 |

Proportion religious | 63.6 | 19.6 | 10.2 | 100.0 |

Proportion married | 64.9 | 15.1 | 8.55 | 94.1 |

Proportion living in city | 64.0 | 10.5 | 22.9 | 97.2 |

Mean political attitude | 4.98 | 0.49 | 2.83 | 6.87 |

Mean household size | 2.81 | 0.66 | 1.29 | 4.85 |

Proportion of households with children | 46.4 | 25.4 | 0.00 | 92.0 |

Proportion doing housework | 21.1 | 12.0 | 0.00 | 73.6 |

Further variables of interest | ||||

Mean age | 50.2 | 15.3 | 26.4 | 82.4 |

Year | 2006.1 | 2.83 | 2002.0 | 2010.0 |

Number of individual observations in macro-level observations | 161.8 | 57.7 | 9.00 | 323.0 |

Total number of observations is 1200. Mean column reports averages of the means/proportions for year, age group and country combinations. Death rates taken from Eurostat, all other variables taken from ESS. For ESS data, means and SD are computed using population and design weights. ISEI scores are derived using the ISKO Stata package and coding from the ESS-DEVO project.40 Real household incomes are derived by taking the mid-points of the categorical show cards given to participants in the ESS survey. We then convert these values to 2010 EURs. For top values for which no mid-points are available, we make use of a procedure described in previous research.41

ESS, European Social Survey; ISEI, International Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status.