Table 2

Prevalence (%) of past 30-day depression by sociodemographic characteristic and study year, and prevalence ratios comparing study years

Prevalence of past 30-day depression (%)Prevalence ratio†
20042006200820102012201420162006 vs 2004 (ref)2010 vs 2008 (ref)
Men
Age group (years)20–3418.614.521.0*22.921.019.023.10.781.03
35–4920.116.517.728.2**23.619.217.70.961.36*
50–6422.413.2**20.6*30.1**23.921.314.2*0.62**1.39*
EthnicityEstonian19.714.1**20.5**27.8**23.4*20.719.60.74*1.23*
Other21.116.417.624.120.917.315.90.821.20
Marital statusMarried16.613.414.525.5***21.218.814.6*0.841.55***
Single26.117.0*26.0*26.123.320.727.50.63*0.93
Divorced/widowed30.923.542.1*38.936.028.028.40.780.92
EducationHigh12.710.615.618.019.115.211.90.851.06
Mid19.816.018.628.7***24.0*20.820.20.851.38**
Low28.015.6**29.5**30.922.925.623.80.53**0.92
IncomeHigh15.710.1*16.9*21.117.315.213.40.691.24
Mid20.213.1*15.723.8**20.718.119.40.70*1.32
Low25.320.429.4*36.331.930.224.30.841.16
EconomicEmployed15.512.915.022.5***18.917.116.40.851.50***
activityNon-active30.623.338.2*29.232.129.123.70.720.89
Unemployed45.724.1*49.5**43.440.827.332.90.52*0.88
Women
Age group (years)20–3424.621.722.828.5*22.2*22.125.80.881.22
35–4925.618.1**27.6**28.827.424.419.90.67**0.99
50–6423.423.822.834.1***27.7*22.5*23.61.031.48***
EthnicityEstonian24.421.124.429.4*25.6*21.6*22.20.861.18*
Other25.021.424.532.9**26.2*26.325.70.831.33**
Marital statusMarried22.319.723.8*27.7*23.1*23.722.30.871.13
Single25.124.822.633.5**26.921.424.10.981.45*
Divorced/widowed31.723.3*28.837.9*35.021.9**26.40.70*1.32*
EducationHigh20.420.621.328.0*21.5*21.121.30.981.29*
Mid26.020.6**25.4*30.6*27.222.9*22.80.78**1.17*
Low24.726.929.340.334.935.132.81.091.39
IncomeHigh18.619.920.725.420.817.818.41.071.23
Mid22.618.521.830.1**26.323.220.00.831.37**
Low31.424.6*31.2*35.130.229.232.10.77**1.11
EconomicEmployed24.020.1*24.4*29.5**25.0*21.1*20.00.81*1.21**
activityNon-active24.624.424.229.225.726.328.61.031.21
Unemployed32.023.628.542.834.236.547.30.681.45
  • Statistically significant prevalence ratio as compared with preceding study year: *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • †Adjusted for age, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, income and economic activity.