Table 2

Changes in age-standardised all-cause and cause-specific mortality rate among upper non-manual workers in Japan and South Korea*

1990–1995†1995–2000†2000–20052005–20102010–2015
ASMR‡ changesASMR‡ changesASMR‡ changesASMR‡ changesASMR‡ changes
AbsoluteAbsoluteAbsoluteAbsoluteAbsolute
Japan
All-cause −20 236 57 −28−4−119−19−139−28
Broad cause-specific death
All cancerNA 86 48 −12−4−57−22−57−29
Cardiovascular diseaseNA 45 47 −5−3−26−19−25−23
External causesNA 60 118 −12−11−21−21−28−35
Other causesNA 42 53 32−14−11−31−28
Cause-specific death
Stomach cancerNA 14 41 −6−12−12−26−13−39
Liver cancerNA616−9−20−11−31−12−46
Colorectal cancerNA 13 56 0−1−4−11−9−27
Ischaemic heart diseasesNA 19 55 −2−4−4−9−12−25
Cerebrovascular diseasesNA 21 48 −9−14−12−22−11−27
Smoking-related causes¶NA 19 62 816−11−19−15−32
SuicideNA 54 182 −8−9−14−19−21−34
Road traffic accidentsNA 6 56 −4−24−5−42−2−31
South Korea
All-cause 20562−28−7 125 35 225
Broad cause-specific death
All cancerNA32−10−7 44 30 2211
Cardiovascular diseaseNA−1−2−10−13101657
External causesNA−1−2 9 16 33 51 −2−2
Other causesNA67−18−18 37 46 −8−7
Cause-specific death
Stomach cancerNA13−7−21414−4−14
Liver cancerNA36−5−10122911
Colorectal cancerNA216 5 42 7 43 −1−5
Ischaemic heart diseasesNA 6 32 −3−1072900
Cerebrovascular diseasesNA−3−8−7−1912−4−12
Smoking-related causes NA1328 15 49 −1−3
SuicideNA223 20 171 29 93 11
Road traffic accidentsNA−3−13−8−36532−2−10
  • *The plus values (significant mortality increasing) were indicated by bold (p<0.05).

  • †1990–1997 and 1997–2000 in South Korea.

  • ‡ASMR: age-standardised mortality rate (per 100 000 person-years).

  • §(ASMR changes)/(ASMR in previous study period)×100 (%)

  • ¶Smoking-related causes: C33–34, J41–44 (ICD10) in Japan and C32–34, J40–44, J47 in South Korea.

  • ICD, International Statistical Classification of Diseases; NA, data not available.