Table 2

Student and parent survey variables and means (SE) for fifth grade by neighbourhood physical activity environment

 VariableOperational definition# of items (range)Cronbach’s alphaNon-supportive PA environment (n=166)Supportive PA environment
(n=470)
Child-reported intrapersonal variables
 Self-efficacyConfidence to be physically active most days of the week8 (1–5)0.783.24 (0.04)3.27 (0.02)
 BarriersBarriers to PA5 (1–5)0.471.64 (0.03)1.63 (0.02)
 EnjoymentMotives for being physically active related to enjoyment6 (1–4)0.803.57 (0.05)3.63 (0.02)
 AppearanceMotives for being physically active related to appearance6 (1–4)0.873.14 (0.06)2.99 (0.04)*
 FitnessMotives for being physically active related to fitness3 (1–3)0.673.72 (0.03)3.69 (0.02)
 CompetenceMotives for being physically active related to competence4 (1–4)0.703.50 (0.04)3.47 (0.03)
 SocialMotives for being physically active related to social3 (1–3)0.663.11 (0.06)3.07 (0.03)
 PA self-schemaSelf-identity as a physically active person6 (1–25)NA24.97 (0.76)26.10 (0.42)
 Perception of skillHow do you rate your PA1 (1–5)NA3.53 (0.08)3.58 (0.05)
Child-reported interpersonal variables
 Parent supportParent support for PA8 (1–5)0.883.31 (0.08)3.30 (0.05)
 Parent encouragementPerceived parent encouragement for PA2 (1–5)0.673.73 (0.05)3.73 (0.08)
 Friend supportFriend support for PA3 (1–5)0.713.49 (0.08)3.36 (0.05)
 # of active friendsNumber of active friends# reportedNA3.56 (0.11)3.92 (0.06)*
 Encourage peersPeer encouragement to be physically active1 (1–5)NA3.46 (0.10)3.48 (0.06)
Child-reported home environmental variables
 PA equipmentAvailability of PA equipment in home1 (1–4)NA3.20 (0.08)3.37 (0.04)
Parent-reported intrapersonal variables
 Child enjoy PAChild enjoys PA1 (1–4)NA2.49 (0.06)2.61 (0.03)
 Importance of child PAHow important it is for child to be physically active1 (1–4)NA3.60 (0.04)3.66 (0.03)
Parent-reported interpersonal variables
 Support for PAEncourages child to be physically active4 (1–5)0.762.77 (0.07)2.89 (0.04)
 Parent leisure time PAHow parent spends leisure time4 (1–5)0.262.47 (0.05)2.58 (0.03)
 Parent sportsIf and how often parent participates in sports4 (4–9)0.651.91 (0.05)2.13 (0.04)*
 Parent enjoys PAParent’s enjoyment of PA1 (1–4)NA3.07 (0.07)3.27 (0.04)*
Parent-reported home environmental variables
 PA equipment at homeNumber of PA resources child has access to at home# of checked equipmentNA3.20 (0.08)3.38 (0.04)
 Parental rules for PA/sedentary behaviourParental rules for PA/sedentary behaviour3 (1–4)0.312.37 (0.05)2.43 (0.02)
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • NA, Not applicable; PA, physical activity.