Table 3

Formal interaction test† of the moderating role of neighbourhood physical activity (PA) environment on total physical activity in children (N=636)

Fixed effectsMain effects
B (SE)
Time×variable
interaction
B (SE)
PA environment×variable interaction
B (SE)
PA environment×time
×variable interaction
B (SE)
Child-reported
PA self-schema−0.0001 (0.02)0.03 (0.01)*
Parental encouragement−0.22 (0.19)0.32 (0.16)*
Perception of skill0.30 (0.12)*
Parent support−0.14 (0.30)−0.35 (0.18)*0.73 (0.28)**
PA equipment at home−0.17 (0.33)0.22 (0.25)0.64 (0.37)−0.68 (0.29)*
Parent-reported
Child enjoys PA0.68 (0.18)***
Support for PA1.21 (0.39)***−0.62 (0.30)*−0.94 (0.46)*0.73 (0.35)*
PA environment
(ref=supportive)
0.34 (0.41)−0.16 (0.28)
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • †Adjusted for time, time*time, gender, race and neighbourhood socioeconomic status.