Table 1

Household food insecurity by household sociodemographic characteristics.

Food secureMarginal food insecurityModerate food insecuritySevere food insecurityP value
n=2431n=231n=298n=119
Gender0.1127
 Men81.2%7.88%8.98%1.98%
 Women77.6%7.60%11.4%3.43%
Age<0.0001
 16–2463.7%12.9%17.6%5.83%
 25–3472.0%11.2%12.9%3.88%
 35–4476.0%8.29%12.9%2.77%
 45–5480.9%5.88%10.6%2.65%
 55–6485.6%5.16%7.39%1.84%
 65–7491.6%3.90%3.75%---
 75+92.3%5.83%1.80%---
Ethnicity0.0007
 White81.4%6.74%9.25%2.58%
 Other ethnic group66.5%13.9%16.0%3.62%
Marital status<0.0001
 Married/cohabiting82.8%6.93%8.42%1.87%
 Single/widowed/divorced/separated/other73.6%9.08%13.2%4.15%
Children under 6 years in household<0.0001
 No81.3%7.23%9.24%2.72%
 Yes68.3%10.7%15.7%5.32%
Children under 16 years in the household<0.0001
 No83.2%6.30%8.40%2.08%
 Yes70.0%11.2%14.5%4.28%
Education<0.0001
 No qualifications identified74.8%8.43%12.6%4.15%
 O level/GCSE, CSE, NVQ/SVQ/GSVQ level 2 or below*71.8%8.87%15.1%4.16%
 Diplomas in higher education/other HE qualifications†79.6%6.84%10.5%3.02%
 Degree (undergraduate, including BEd) and postgraduate diplomas/certifications‡86.1%5.43%7.01%1.43%
 Higher degree or postgraduate qualifications87.3%9.27%3.19%---
 Other qualifications (including overseas)70.8%18.1%10.3%---
Household income<0.0001
 <£10 39959.8%9.09%16.5%14.7%
 £10 400 to £25 99969.1%9.47%17.4%4.10%
 £26 000 to £51 99982.4%9.05%7.46%---
 >£52 00090.7%3.96%5.10%---
 Missing79.4%8.41%9.92%2.24%
Work status<0.0001
 In work80.9%7.58%10.1%1.45%
 Retired91.5%4.75%3.32%0.48%
 Unemployed46.5%13.9%20.5%19.2%
 Other61.1%11.7%19.1%8.14%
Long-term health problem/disability<0.0001
 None/no impact on daily activities80.6%7.95%9.64%1.82%
 Yes, reduces daily activities a little75.6%6.14%13.4%4.82%
 Yes, reduces daily activities a lot70.0%7.76%11.7%10.5%
Region0.0719
 England79.6%7.6%10.17%2.64%
 Wales74.4%10.7%11.84%3.04%
 Northern Ireland78.7%8.29%8.15%4.89%
Urban/rural classification0.0319
 Urban78.1%8.12%11.0%2.80%
 Rural84.7%6.10%6.78%2.39%
  • Notes: Data are weighted sample proportions. (---) proportions not disclosed due to small sample size. P values are for χ2 statistic.

  • *Includes GNVQ intermediate or foundation and BTEC.

  • †HNC/HND/BTEC Higher Teaching qualifications for schools/further education, A/AS levels/SCE, Higher/Scottish Cert sixth year studies, NVQ/SVQ/GSVQ level 3 ONC/OND/BTEC national, city, trade apprenticeships.

  • ‡Includes professional qualifications at degree level, NVQ/SVQ.