Categorical student outcomesOR
(95% CI)
P valueOR
(95% CI)
P valueOR
(95% CI)
P valueOR
(95% CI)
P valueOR
(95% CI)
P valueOR
(95% CI)
P value
Ever smoked0.42
(0.35 to 0.51)
<0.0010.40
(0.33 to 0.49)
<0.0013.89
(3.24 to 4.66)
<0.0014.12
(3.41 to 4.97)
<0.0010.92
(0.67 to 1.26)
0.6080.96
(0.71 to 1.30)
0.801
Ever drunk alcohol0.46
(0.39 to 0.55)
<0.0010.44
(0.37 to 0.53)
<0.0012.63
(2.22 to 3.11)
<0.0012.69
(2.25 to 3.22)
<0.0010.94
(0.60 to 1.48)
0.8031.08
(0.82 to 1.41)
0.587
Ever been really drunk0.62
(0.50 to 0.76)
<0.0010.58
(0.47 to 0.71)
<0.0011.86
(1.54 to 2.24)
<0.0012.03
(1.67 to 2.47)
<0.0010.91
(0.70 to 1.18)
0.4680.95
(0.73 to 1.25)
0.722
Ever been offered illicit drugs0.36
(0.31 to 0.42)
<0.0010.33
(0.29 to 0.39)
<0.0013.87
(3.37 to 4.44)
<0.0013.91
(3.39 to 4.51)
<0.0011.05
(0.81 to 1.35)
0.7151.08
(0.85 to 1.38)
0.532
Used contraception at last sexual intercourse1.69
(1.00 to 2.86)
0.0492.22
(1.21 to 4.07)
0.0101.38
(0.83 to 2.31)
0.2151.25
(0.72 to 2.18)
0.4350.70
(0.48 to 1.02)
0.0640.76
(0.44 to 1.29)
0.311
Use of NHS in past 12 months0.80
(0.70 to 0.92)
0.0020.79
(0.68 to 0.92)
0.0021.45
(1.26 to 1.68)
<0.0011.42
(1.22 to 1.64)
<0.0010.87
(0.78 to 0.97)
0.0140.89
(0.79 to 0.99)
0.037
Contact with police0.39
(0.32 to 0.49)
<0.0010.37
(0.29 to 0.46)
<0.0015.08
(4.15 to 6.22)
<0.0015.09
(4.13 to 6.28)
<0.0010.80
(0.64 to 0.99)
0.0370.86
(0.72 to 1.03)
0.111
  • CHU9D, Chuld Health Utility 9D;  ESYTC, Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime; GBS, Gatehouse Bullying Scale; MAS, Modified Aggression Scale;  NHS,  National Health Service ; PedsQL, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory; SDQ, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; SWEMWBS, Short Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale;.