Table 5

Average treatment effects on the treated: Canadian social assistance recipients (CCHS 2003–2014)

EmployedUnemployed
Prevalence differenceSEP valuesPrevalence differenceSEP values
Poor self-rated health
 Calliper matching†0.079***0.0170.0000.0130.0240.596
 Kernel weighting0.068***0.0130.0000.0290.0220.186
Hypertension
 Calliper matching†0.034*0.0170.043−0.0160.0210.450
 Kernel weighting0.0190.0120.107−0.0020.0180.914
Chronic conditions
 Calliper matching†0.051**0.0190.0070.067*0.0270.012
 Kernel weighting0.067***0.0140.0000.054*0.0230.019
Smoking
 Calliper matching†0.078***0.0220.0000.0530.0290.070
 Kernel weighting0.079***0.0160.0000.060**0.0230.010
Binge drinking
 Calliper matching†−0.0250.0170.1340.0340.0250.169
 Kernel weighting−0.024*0.0120.0430.0300.0210.140
Physical inactivity
 Calliper matching†0.0010.0210.956−0.0350.0290.230
 Kernel weighting−0.0030.0140.824−0.0350.0280.210
Obesity
 Calliper matching†0.054**0.0180.0030.0280.0220.206
 Kernel weighting0.063***0.0120.0000.048*0.0190.012
Sample size
 UnmatchedRecipients=1746 Non-recipients=8279Recipients=1556 Non-recipients=1021
 Calliper matching†Recipients = 1720 ‡ Non-recipients=1190Recipients = 1480‡Non-recipients=503
 Kernel weightingRecipients = 1740 ‡ Non-recipients=8279Recipients = 1550‡Non-recipients=1021
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • †Calliper is set to 0.015; narrower than the 0.2 of the SD of the logit of the propensity score recommended by Austin.18

  • ‡Due to administrative restrictions imposed by Statistics Canada, these values are rounded.

  • CCHS, Canadian Community Health Survey.