Table 1

The contribution of alcohol and smoking to the difference in observed temporary life expectancy between Sweden and Denmark, Norway and Finland, men and women, 25–79 years, 1995–2007

25–79 yearsDifferenceContribution of risk factors (years)
SmokingSmoking and alcohol*AlcoholOther
MenDenmark47.701.840.640.110.420.66
Finland47.452.090.340.091.020.64
Norway49.140.390.250.01−0.100.23
Sweden49.54Reference
WomenDenmark50.041.490.730.070.160.54
Finland51.400.13−0.290.000.220.20
Norway51.470.060.070.00−0.020.01
Sweden51.53Reference
  • Negative estimates indicate that cause-specific mortality was higher at the point of reference (Sweden).

  • *Contribution of deaths attributable to both smoking and alcohol.