Table 2

The contribution of smoking and alcohol use to differences in observed temporary life expectancy between the top and bottom income quintiles in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, men and women, 25–79 years, 1995–2007

25–79 yearsDifferenceContribution of risk factors (years)
BottomTopSmokingSmoking and alcohol*AlcoholOther
MenDenmark43.3050.727.421.180.391.873.98
Finland43.9650.136.170.770.282.232.89
Norway44.5051.336.830.930.160.904.84
Sweden46.1551.435.270.590.100.933.65
WomenDenmark48.1151.653.541.220.220.501.60
Finland50.2952.392.100.180.050.571.30
Norway49.3352.703.360.810.060.222.27
Sweden49.8452.642.800.580.050.221.95
  • *Contribution of deaths attributable to both smoking and alcohol.