Table 2

Sex-specific ORs of elevated depressive symptoms (CES-D 10 score ≥4) at follow-up by social cohesion at baseline among participants with a CES-D 20 baseline score <16

Model 1*Model 2†Model 3‡
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Men
 Per 1 SD decrease1.171.08 to 1.261.131.05 to 1.231.131.05 to 1.22
 High tertileReferenceReferenceReference
 Medium tertile1.331.12 to 1.581.281.07 to 1.531.281.07 to 1.53
 Low tertile1.421.18 to 1.721.341.10 to 1.631.331.10 to 1.62
Women
 Per 1 SD decrease1.101.03 to 1.171.050.99 to 1.131.050.99 to 1.13
 High tertileReferenceReferenceReference
 Medium tertile1.231.07 to 1.421.201.04 to 1.381.201.04 to 1.38
 Low tertile1.281.10 to 1.501.181.01 to 1.391.181.01 to 1.39
  • *Adjusted for age and country.

  • †Adjusted for model 1 covariates plus marital status, educational level, economic deprivation and self-rated health.

  • ‡Adjusted for model 2 covariates plus drinking frequency and smoking status.

  • CES-D, Center for Epidemiological Depression.