Table 3

Association between haemoglobin and physical and cognitive measures after adjustment for covariates

Grip strength* Walk speed* Cognition score†
Men
(n=1882)
Women
(n=2239)
Men
(n=1882)
Women
(n=2239)
Men
(n=1840)
Women
(n=2187)
BP valuesBP valuesBP valuesBP valuesBP valuesBP values
Haemoglobin0.2660.070.391<0.001−0.0010.71−0.0020.510.0030.710.0140.13
Diabetes−0.2410.80−0.3770.52−0.0750.001−0.0180.350.0430.48−0.0870.08
Hypertension1.8160.0040.6830.12−0.0080.63−0.0100.510.162<0.0010.0500.16
Angina0.5700.610.3000.630.0130.64−0.0160.450.0310.650.1280.01
Stroke−5.938<0.001−3.857<0.001−0.170<0.001−0.215<0.001−0.432<0.001−0.1660.08
HIV0.9210.240.1630.750.0400.030.0270.120.183<0.001−0.0300.46
Chronic bronchitis−1.8190.572.7920.390.0810.37−0.0260.79−0.1220.57−0.3870.12
Log eCRP−0.6740.03−0.0330.88−0.0130.09−0.0230.002−0.0160.400.0540.002
Highest year education
 NoneReferentReferent
 1–70.497<0.0010.754<0.001
 8–110.742<0.0011.047<0.001
 12+1.024<0.0011.316<0.001
Age−0.338<0.001−0.273<0.001−0.004<0.001−0.007<0.001−0.013<0.001−0.026<0.001
  • All models adjusted for all listed variables.

  • *Generalised linear model using Tweedie distribution, power 1.2 with identity link.

  • †Linear regression.