Table 3

Association between adolescent poor mental health and hypothesised mediators by gender

BoysGirls
OR (95% CI)P valueNOR (95% CI)P valueN
Long-term school absences1.52 (1.04 to 2.22)0.0360651.71 (1.31 to 2.24)<0.0016043
Truancy2.24 (1.85 to 2.72)<0.00160672.32 (2.00 to 2.68)<0.0016018
Social exclusion3.22 (2.69 to 3.04)<0.00160912.92 (2.55 to 3.33)<0.0016084
Troublemaking1.50 (1.20 to 1.86)<0.00161041.51 (1.25 to 1.82)<0.0016055
Alcohol use1.15 (0.94 to 1.40)0.1860922.04 (1.74 to 2.39)<0.0016076
Smoking1.41 (1.08 to 1.83)0.0160742.07 (1.75 to 2.46)<0.0016070
Cannabis use1.34 (1.11 to 1.63)0.00360812.19 (1.87 to 2.56)<0.0016062