Table 2

Built environment predictors of adult obesity and diabetes,* Salt Lake City

Built environment characteristicsObeseDiabetes
Prevalence ratio (95% CI)†Prevalence ratio (95% CI)†
Green streets
 Third tertile (highest)0.73 (0.63 to 0.85)0.86 (0.77 to 0.96)
 Second tertile0.99 (0.92 to 1.06)1.03 (0.97 to 1.08)
 Third tertile (highest)0.76 (0.69 to 0.85)0.87 (0.80 to 0.95)
 Second tertile1.02 (0.97 to 1.07)1.01 (0.95 to 1.06)
Commercial buildings/apartments
 Third tertile (highest)0.79 (0.67 to 0.94)0.81 (0.67 to 0.98)
 Second tertile0.93 (0.86 to 1.01)0.91 (0.84 to 0.99)
 N727 737736 218
  • *Data source for health outcomes: Utah Population database.

  • †Adjusted Poisson models were run for each outcome separately. Models controlled for individual-level age, sex, race, ethnicity, education and marital status as well as zip code-level population density, percentage of the population 65 years and older, percentage of Hispanics, percentage of blacks, median household income and percentage of householder living in current residence for 5 years or more. Built environment characteristics were categorised into tertiles, with the lowest tertile serving as the referent group. SEs were adjusted for clustering of values at the zip code level.