Table 2

ORs with 95% CIs for cross-sectional associations between frailty (prefrailty and frailty combined) and vision impairment in English men and women aged 60 years and over in 2004

Good visionPoor vision
Participants with prefrailty and frailty combined, n (%)1194 (48)246 (73)
Models for adjustmentOROR (95% CI)
 Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted1.002.53 (1.95–3.30)
 Multi-adjusted*1.001.72 (1.30–2.29)
  • *Multi-adjusted=adjusted for age, sex, wealth, education, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, falls, cognition, depression.