Table 2

Association of level of education with diabetes in men and women

MenWomen
 Level of educationDistribution of diabetes (n/N)Model 1Model 2Distribution of diabetes (n/N)Model 1Model 2
PR (95% CI)PR (95% CI)PR (95% CI)(PR (95% CI)
Rural GhanaElementary4/1581.001.0022/3971.001.00
Secondary4/1460.98 (0.26 to 3.75)0.70 (0.19 to 2.63)10/1651.31 (0.63 to 2.72)1.34 (0.59 to 3.04)
Higher5/772.76 (0.76 to 10.08)1.37 (0.40 to 4.79)3/312.06 (0.75 to 5.67)1.96 (0.82 to 4.64)
Urban GhanaElementary12/921.001.0051/5221.001.00
Secondary21/1761.15 (0.61 to 2.20)1.46(0.75 to 2.88)33/3711.22 (0.79 to 1.90)1.38 (0.89 to 2.15)
Higher13/1231.03 (0.50 to 2.12)1.11 (0.54 to 2.27)11/1161.28 (0.67 to 2.45)1.37 (0.71 to 2.64)
EuropeElementary28/1591.001.0060/4761.001.00
Secondary76/4920.96 (0.64 to 1.45)1.49 (0.79 to 2.79)59/6210.79 (0.56 to 1.11)0.74 (0.46 to 1.20)
Higher79/5760.91 (0.61 to 1.37)1.33 (0.70 to 2.52)53/5920.65 (0.45 to 0.93)0.68 (0.42 to 1.10)
  • Bold values are statistically significant.

  • Model 1- adjusted for age.

  • Model 2- Model 1 plus BMI, physical activity and dietary intake.

  • PR, prevalence ratio.