Table 1

Independent variables used in regression analysis (with associated descriptive statistics)

VariableCategoryEngland and Wales (n=191 304) (100%)Scotland (n=92 369) (100%)Glasgow (n=9165) (100%)Liverpool (n=1692) (100%)Manchester (n=1091) (100%)
GenderFemale*97 998 (51.2)48 123 (52.1)4900 (53.5)903 (53.4)563 (51.6)
Male93 306 (48.8)44 246 (47.9)4265 (46.5)789 (46.6)528 (48.4)
Age (years)35–39*31 413 (16.4)15 075 (16.3)1705 (18.6)273 (16.1)223 (20.4)
40–4427 845 (14.6)14 416 (15.6)1560 (17.0)280 (16.6)155 (14.2)
45–4925 344 (13.3)13 224 (14.3)1253 (13.7)252 (14.9)132 (12.1)
50–54s28 387 (14.8)13 298 (14.4)1115 (12.2)230 (13.6)151 (13.8)
55–59s23.627 (12.4)11 152 (12.1)987 (10.8)176 (10.4)119 (10.9)
60–64s20 018 (10.5)9887 (10.7)940 (10.3)161 (9.5)100 (9.2)
65–69s18 352 (9.6)8679 (9.4)888 (9.7)176 (10.4)116 (10.6)
70–74s16 318 (8.5)6638 (7.2)717 (7.8)144 (8.5)95 (8.7)
Housing tenureOwner-occupied*156 435 (81.8)69 422 (75.2)5607 (61.2)1154 (68.2)646 (59.2)
Private rented8490 (4.4)2490 (2.7)230 (2.5)104 (6.2)54 (5.0)
Social rented26 379 (13.8)20 457 (22.2)3328 (36.3)434 (25.7)391 (35.8)
Access to car/vanAccess*165 112 (86.3)73 182 (79.2)5138 (56.1)1136 (67.1)735 (67.4)
No access26 192 (13.7)19 187 (20.8)4027 (43.9)556 (32.9)356 (32.6)
HouseholdNot living alone*164 431 (86.0)78 016 (84.5)6968 (76.0)1364 (80.6)846 (77.5)
Living alone26 873 (14.1)14 353 (15.5)2197 (24.0)328 (19.4)245 (22.5)
Religious affiliationNone*22 500 (11.8)22 738 (22.5)1834 (20.0)102 (6.0)148 (13.6)
Christian166 271 (86.9)71 157 (77.0)7260 (79.2)1573 (93.0)910 (83.4)
Non-Christian2533 (1.3)474 (0.5)71 (0.8)17 (1.0)33 (3.0)
Educational attainmentNo qualification*70 830 (37.0)40 215 (43.5)4935 (53.9)851 (50.3)548 (50.2)
Qualifications <NVQ4 level87 936 (46.0)30 425 (32.9)2539 (27.7)657 (38.8)378 (34.7
Qualifications HNC/D and above32 538 (17.0)21 729 (23.5)1691 (18.5)184 (10.9)165 (15.1)
Economic activityEmployed*117 194 (61.3)54 330 (58.8)4294 (46.9)804 (47.5)566 (51.9)
Inactive other4507 (2.4)2897 (3.1)479 (5.2)73 (4.3)41 (3.8)
Looking after home/family11 471 (6.0)4895 (5.3)574 (6.3)136 (8.0)65 (6.0)
Permanently sick12 770 (6.7)8837 (9.6)1610 (17.6)270 (16.0)147 (13.5)
Retired41 400 (21.6)18 908 (20.5)1859 (20.3)349 (20.6)232 (21.3)
Unemployed3962 (2.1)2502 (2.7)349 (3.8)60 (3.6)40 (3.7)
  • *Reference category.

  • Source: ONS LS and SLS.