Table 2

Census tract tobacco outlet density models, n=17 667

Model (DV=tobacco outlets per 1000 population)Unadjusted models 1–7Adjusted model 8
Neighbourhood characteristic (scaled to 10s)Coefficient (95% CI)Coefficient (95% CI)
Income (z-scored by county)−0.24 (−0.27 to −0.22)−0.08 (−0.11 to −0.04)
Asian/Pacific Islander (%)−0.04 (−0.06 to −0.01)−0.03 (−0.05 to 0.00)
Black/African-American (%)0.05 (0.04 to 0.07)−0.04 (−0.05 to −0.02)
Hispanic/Latino (%)0.01 (0.01 to 0.02)−0.05 (−0.06 to −0.03)
White alone (%)−0.04 (−0.05 to −0.03)
Housing units vacant (%)0.35 (0.32 to 0.38)0.22 (0.19 to 0.26)
Housing units not owner occupied (%)0.15 (0.14 to 0.16)0.12 (0.10 to 0.13)
  • Bold signifies significance at p<0.05 level.

  • Median household income (adjusted to 2012 dollars) was standardised to each county with z-scores, multiplied by 100, and scaled to 10s (ie, z=0.23 is coded as 2.3). Demographic variables were scaled to 10s (ie, 12% is coded as 1.2). Using a row-standardised second order queen weights matrix.

  • DV, dependent variable.