Table 3

Data-driven study characteristics

StudyAdversity (population*)Positive adaptationTrajectory model†Prevalence of resilience (%)
Bonanno et al23 24SARS epidemic survivorsHigh psychological and physical functioning35.0
Bonanno et al25Spinal cord injuryLow anxietyAnxiety (unconditional model)57.5
Anxiety (conditional model)58.1
Low depressionDepression (unconditional model)66.1
Depression (conditional model)50.8
deRoon-Cassini et al26Traumatic injury patientsLow depression58.0
Dunn et al27Breast cancer surgery patientsLow depression/anxiety38.9
Dunn et al28Oncology patients; family caregiversLow depression56.3
Galatzer-Levy et al29Police officersLow psychological distress76.7
Galatzer-Levy et al30Police officersLow psychological distress76.7
Holgersen et al31Disaster survivorsPositive mental health61.4
Hou et al32Colorectal cancerNo depression/anxiety65–37
Lam et al33Breast cancer patientsLow psychological distress66.0
Lam et al34Breast cancer survivorsLow psychological distress66.0
Larm et al35Clinical substance abuse; general populationHigh resilience in GP52.4
Good resilience in GP47.6
High resilience in CS24.4
High to moderate resilience in CS24.5
Moderate to high resilience in CS33.0
Low to moderate resilience in CS9.3
Low resilience in CS8.8
Le Brocque et al36Accident victimsFew PTSD symptoms57.0
Murphy and Marelich37Children of HIV/AIDS diagnosed mothersCognitive function, externalising behaviours, social skills32.4
Norris et al38 39Mexican flood victimsFew PTSD symptoms32.0
9/11 New York residentsFew PTSD symptoms10.1
Nugent et al40Children referred to Family Advocacy ProgramFew PTSD symptoms60.7
Pietrzak et al419/11 respondersFew PTSD symptoms58.0
Saad et al42Breast cancer surgery patientsLow depression/anxiety38.9
Self-Brown et al43Hurricane Katrina survivorsFew PTSD symptoms71.0
Sterling et al44Whiplash patientsLow neck disability40.0
Sveen et al45Burn victimsNo PTSD40.0
Tang et al46Caregivers of terminal patientsLow depression11.4
Zhu et al47Chronic painLow depression72.5
  • *Samples were taken from populations exposed to adversity.

  • †Trajectory models where one or more resilience trajectories are identified.

  • ‡Same data set used.

  • CS, clinical population sample; GP, general population sample; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; SARS, severe acute respiratory syndrome.