Table 4

Results of models predicting suicidal ideation in the past 12 months, conditional on familial attendance of a residential school

Model 1
OR (95% CI)
Model 2
OR (95% CI)
Model 3
OR (95% CI)
Model 4
OR (95% CI)
SISASISASISASISA
FA of RS1.661* (1.123 to 2.458)3.352*** (1.894 to 5.931)1.352 (−2.452 to −0.997)2.572** (1.354 to 4.886)1.346 (0.855 to 2.121)2.358* (1.206 to 4.610)1.181 (0.741 to 1.882)2.000* (1.023 to 3.908)
Male0.953 (0.691 to 1.314)0.535 (0.269 to 1.065)0.994 (0.714 to 1.383)0.554 (0.272 to 1.130)0.997 (0.710 to 1.399)0.500 (0.249 to 1.005)
Younger age (reference)1.266 (0.825 to 1.942)1.655 (0.825 to 3.318)1.486 (0.940 to 2.348)1.991* (1.093 to 3.625)
Middle age0.688 (0.459 to 1.030)0.473* (0.251 to 0.891)
Older age0.311* (0.124 to 0.782)0.090* (0.014 to 0.566)0.252** (0.091 to 0.697)0.073** (0.010 to 0.518)0.322* (0.109 to 0.957)0.134* (0.019 to 0.959)
First Nations1.410 (0.900 to 2.209)1.061 (0.532 to 2.115)1.236 (0.778 to 1.963)0.947 (0.476 to 1.886)1.242 (0.770 to 2.002)0.823 (0.423 to 1.599)
Inuit1.260 (0.815 to 1.947)1.946 (0.965 to 0.018)1.041 (0.563 to 1.928)1.502 (0.530 to 4.263)0.763 (0.368 to 1.584)0.942 (0.335 to 2.650)
Metis (reference)
Marital status (married)0.672* (0.454 to 0.995)0.405** (0.207 to 0.790)0.791 (0.542 to 1.154)0.540 (0.284 to 1.026)
Living in an urban area0.927 (0.589 to 1.460)0.628 (0.316 to 1.248)0.950 (0.597 to 1.515)0.611 (0.309 to 1.206)
Educational attainment0.810 (0.502 to 1.308)0.457* (0.238 to 0.876)0.985 (0.624 to 1.557)0.577 (0.293 to 1.134)
Income (below LICO-AT)2.715*** (1.875 to 3.932)0.887 (0.440 to 1.788)2.153*** (1.455 to 3.186)0.769 (0.354 to 1.672)
Labour force status (employed)0.434*** (0.301 to 0.627)0.268*** (0.138 to 0.519)0.520** (0.359 to 0.753)0.304*** (0.160 to 0.577)
Presence of minors in home0.701*** (0.587 to 0.837)0.857 (0.684 to 1.074)0.700*** (0.581 to 0.843)0.864 (0.689 to 1.086)
Major repairs needed to home1.570 (0.958 to 2.572)0.586 (0.233 to 1.475)
Food insecurity3.966*** (2.464 to 6.384)4.800*** (2.233 to 10.319)
Regular alcohol use1.151 (0.811 to 1.632)2.027* (1.018 to 4.033)
Daily tobacco use1.887** (1.308 to 2.722)3.011*** (1.683 to 5.385)
  • Note: *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • FA, family attendance; LICO-AT, low-income after-tax cut-offs; RS, residential school; SA, suicide attempt; SI, suicidal ideation.